1928, Taiwan under Japanese rule: Department of Plants, Faculty of Science and Agriculture, Taipei Imperial University, Japan
1945, the Early Stage of Nationalist Government: Department of Botany and Institute of Botany, Faculty of Science, National Taiwan University
2003, Knowledge Economy Period: Institute of Plant Science, National Taiwan University College of Life Sciences (The Department of Plant and Animal Departments were integrated to form the Department of Life Sciences, and the former Institute of Botany was reorganized into the Institute of Plant Science)
Based on plants as materials, we are engaged in research work in basic science, gene function and biotechnology. The main teaching objectives are:
1. Cultivate professionals who are capable of integrating traditional botany and modern biotechnology.
The institute focuses on the combination of traditional botany and modern biotechnology. It offers courses in approximately five categories: plant physiology, microbial genetics, morphogenesis, and plant molecular biology ,Biotechnology. Through the course, students can have the ability to apply modern biotechnology to various fields of botany. Such as the use of molecular biology to study the classification and genetics of plants in Taiwan, the use of genomics to study the flowering physiology of Oncidium, and the use of genetics to study plant message transmission.
2. Committed to basic scientific research on plants and enhancing national competitiveness.
Biotechnology is critical to the future development of the country and is an important technology to enhance national competitiveness. The development of modern biotechnology is based on basic research in various fields of physics, chemistry and biology. The institute is committed to various basic scientific researches in the field of plants, such as the effect of low temperature on chloroplasts, the drought-tolerant physiology of seeds and pollen, and carbohydrate metabolism.
The future development of the firm mainly has the following directions:
Research on plant diversity: Combining modern biological technology with traditional botany to study plant changes and plant morphogenesis in Taiwan.
Gene selection and functional analysis: including gene bank construction, molecular identification and functional identification.
Plant transformation: including the construction of gene expression system, transformation technology, transformation of plants and establishment of molecular farms.
Plant Genome Project: Including the sequencing of special plant genomes and the study of gene functions. Such as the gene body research of plant mycoplasma and the gene body research of Oncidium.
Plant molecular detection: including molecular detection of plant pathogens and molecular detection of transgenic crops. Such as the establishment of a rapid test method for plant mycoplasma